Selected Properties of the First 10 Normal Alkanes
Name Formula Molar
Masses
Melting
Point (°C)
Boiling
Point (°C)
Number of Structural Isomers
Methane CH4 16 –183 –162 1
Ethane C2H6 30 –183 –89 1
Propane C3H8 44 –187 –42 1
Butane C4H10 58 –138 0 2
Pentane C5H12 72 –130 36 3
Hexane C6H14 86 –95 68 5
Heptane C7H16 100 –91 98 9
Octane C8H18 114 –57 126 18
Nonane C9H20 128 –54 151 35
Decane C10H22 142 –30 174 75
Referenced from Chemistry by Zumdahl (5th ed.) Table 22.1 on page 1059